Composite fiber ferries for river passenger transport in Amazon area of Brazil, project idea concept.
The Brazilian report by the Development Planning Commission on Amazonas can be found at http://www.antaq.gov.br/portal/pdf/transportepassageiros.pdf. It illustrates the dangerous conditions associated with transporting over 9 million people per day in 10 to 20 years old wooden vessels in the central Amazon area alone.
Our first goal is to demonstrate that savings on fuel are so significant as to convince owners of passenger transport to replace their existing wooden fleet with lightweight, composite fiber hull catamarans. The basic considerations regarding fuel consumption of heavy wooden hulled vessels versus fuel consumption and purchase cost of lightweight composite hull catamarans:
● A diesel engine consumes 200 g per hp and 1000 g of diesel costs approx. BRL 3.00=USD 1
● A 60¬tonne wooden hull needs at least 600 hp to operate in river curremore than nts at safe speeds (approx. 10¬12 miles per hour).
● A 30¬tonne carbon fibre hull carries double the number of passengers, requires only 200 hp to reach safe speeds, and could reach a maximum performance of 30 miles per hour with additional hp.
● A 30¬tonne carbon fibre hull estimated to costs BRL 800,000, with great savings on mass production.
● From operator in mono hulls in Alu and Swaths in carbon general difference in total weight incl. hull, equipment , aptation, isolations, etc. , steel to alu = ca. 61 % and steel to Grp = ca 57%
● steel to GRP fuel consumption is more than 50%. Roughly calculated, the saving per hour amounts to (600¬200) x BRL 0.60, equivalent to BRL 240. Therefore, in 3,300 operational hours or 138 days of continuous operation you will have saved the BRL 800,000 you need for a new carbon fibre hull. Furthermore, you would have space for more passengers in an ABSOLUTELY safe hull.
Further goals and benefits of a fiber hull catamaran solution:
● Minimal port installation or terminal is required for light passenger catamarans due to deployment of their own gangplank, “weight shift” capacity for retrieval of boats from mud/bank, and anchoring making terminal costs hugely reduced. Here a list of public works intended in the area and related to embarkation http://www.pac.gov.br/transportes/hidrovias . Added options in attending smaller or temporary river towns.
● Reduced hull fabrication price due to high volumes (economy of scale)
● Reduced outfitting costs due to lower consumption and overall smaller propulsion machinery size.
Basic financial project plan
By direct marketing and on our web platform we will convince the already identified 60 local yards to start on a distance training and qualification program. This to be produced with financial support from maritime organizations and exporters. The educational program content, on how to outfit carbon fiber hulls produced by Capilano/Tuco cooperation. When these local yards pass final exams, which includes accounting and import ordering of goods, paper works and others, they will be candidates for financing from Danish funds (EKF and VF), when they partner with Capilano/Tuco as per “The Contract of Purchase, Delivery and Payment” (CPDP)obligations. This contract include all partners in their local passenger ¬transport ¬companies license & captains, who will also be trained by distance learning. Within the distance training program, we will promote Danish know¬how and pre-sourced equipment manufacturers, to encourage the companies involved to “Buy Danish” in the future. In short, we begin by training local yards in the mechanical, electrical and electronic elements of outfitting carbon fiber catamarans through distance learning, preferably financed by the Danish segment of product seller's and the export incentives available. We will follow up by offering a financial package for carbon hull and outfitting equipment through export and import financing. Continuously control of progress and quality on outfitting/finishing of vessels. The final challenge is guarantee the scrapping of old vessel.
Fuel supplier Petrobras may want to reduce the volume of fuel they supply to the Amazon area, where subsidies amount to a minimum of 25% of the price and the cost of transport of fuel to the area is very high. Moreover, the government will reduce its expenditure on subsidies and so also participate in implementation of project.
About Jan Nikolaj: Over 35 years of experience in Brazil in the yard, maritime and offshore business.
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